中国日报China daily 10月18日报道，由上海青研科技有限公司联合上海市戒毒管理局、上海市精神卫生中心药物依赖学科团队、华东师范大学心理与认知科学学院，多方合作研发出的青研虚拟现实毒瘾评估及康复训练系统，是眼动技术在戒毒领域的首次应用，同时这也是国内VR戒毒成果首次对世界的发声，代表了我国戒毒领域科学化再上新台阶。
Virtual reality helps drug addicts torecover in Shanghai rehab centers
By ZHOU WENTING
“In the past, when they were asked whetherthey wanted narcotics, they said ‘no’ without exception, which was not anhonest answer.” ——Zhao Min, deputy director of the Shanghai Mental Health Center
Drug rehabilitation centers in Shanghaihave become the first in China to use virtual reality technology to helpaddicts, according to the city government.
Around 700 addicts in two of the city’sfive rehab centers have been using a newly developed system since late Septemberto help staff members understand the sufferers’ level of addiction and assistthem to turn their lives around more quickly, the Shanghai Drug Rehabilitation Administrationsaid.
The AI system was developed by the ShanghaiMental Health Center in cooperation with the administration, East China NormalUniversity’s School of Psychology and Cognitive Science, and
Shanghai Qingtech, a company specializingin technological tracking of eye control.
Zhao Min, deputy director of the center,said one key problem in abandoning drug habits is the difficulty for the staffand even the addicts to know how badly they are addicted.
“In the past, when they were asked whether they wanted narcotics,they said‘no’ without exception, which was not an honest answer, obviously,”she said. “Now we can resort to the new system.”
Users wear a VR helmet with an eyemovement trackingsystem and then “walk into” scenes with drugs and other paraphernalia. Their eyemovement, together with other biological indicators such as heart rate and skinconductivity, is recorded as an objective way to show their level of addiction.
Another way the AI system can help is thatit provides addicts with a more effective desensitization treatment in order tobetter prevent them from using drugs again.
“Usually in the centers they are given desensitization treatment withpictures of narcotics,” Zhao said. “It’s hard for such stimulation to trulyarouse their appetite for drugs. So after they leave the centers and areexposed to temptations, they might be submerged in a whirlpool of drug abuseagain.”
Statistics from the National NarcoticsControl Commission show that more than 85 percent of those who abandon a drughabit after two years of compulsory rehab relapse within a year.
With such a VR system, the addicts can“walk into” hotel rooms, karaoke bars and friends’ homes and watch men andwomen take drugs to fully stimulate their desire for narcotics, said KuaiShuguang, a professor at East China Normal University.
Apart from desensitization, the system wasalso designed to help addicts associate drugs more with negative consequencesthan “a pleasant experience”, he said.
Following the VR experience in the sceneswhere drugs are often taken, they will view videos showing how devastatinglydrugs will harm human health so as to suppress their desire for them, he said.
原载于《中国日报》China daily Wednesday, October18, 2017